Ahyu: A Journal of Language and Literature 2023-10-14T23:23:49+00:00 Dr. Maryam Yusuf Magaji [email protected] Open Journal Systems <p><strong><em>Ahyu: A Journal of Language and Literature</em>, </strong>which derives its name from the Jukun word for trumpet, is a peer-reviewed journal that encourages and provides a platform for academics to present their most current findings from researches undertaken in language and literature. Its Editor-in-Chief is Prof. Ignatius Chukwumah, Managing Editor, Dr. Maryam Yusuf Magaji and Reviews/Literary Editor, Dr. Owolabi Badmus Ajayi.</p> Crime Waves and Human Rights Violations in Lagos Cityscape in Selected Nigerian Short Stories 2023-06-16T12:15:26+00:00 Solomon Olusayo Olaniyan [email protected] <p>this study investigates the normality of crimes and human rights violations in the selected short stories of Jude Dibia, Chika Unigwe and Nnedi Okorafor as representatives of 21st century Nigerian short stories that thematise criminality and desecration of human rights. Specifically, the paper explores various crimes such as armed robbery, hooliganism, bribery, extortion, murder, security agents’ connivance with criminal elements and the resultant human rights violations. Deploying postcolonial urban theory as its launching pad to interrogate the postcolonial realities within Lagos spatiality and crime wave, the paper shows that the police play major role in the escalation of crimes and perpetuation of human rights abuses through collusion with armed robbers and engaging in bribery and corruption, conspiracy theory, brutality, concealment of crimes and criminals and extrajudicial killings. Considering its cosmopolitan nature, Lagos is metaphorised as the microcosm of the nation; thus, realities within Lagos cityscape expose happenings in the nation at large. The socio-economic anomic situations depicted in the stories justify their post-independence disillusionment and jeremiad.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-10-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dr Solomon Olusayo Olaniyan A Stylistic Study of Akandu Stella Nkechi’s "My Mother’s Blessing" 2023-06-16T12:15:30+00:00 Joy Isa [email protected] <p>In light of this, this research looks at how language is employed in Stella Akandu's <em>My Mother's Blessing</em> to achieve aesthetic and didactic goals. Leech and Short's (2007) analytic model was used for this work, and it is divided into four major areas: lexical categories, grammatical categories, figures of speech, and cohesion and context. The researcher investigates the author's many styles, which includes the use of idioms, cohesiveness, and lexical categories such as nouns, verbs, adverbs, and adjectives to express obedience, hard work, and achievement for every child. The research findings reveal that children’s literature becomes more interesting and appealing if its aesthetic and didactic values are appreciated and appropriated. It also concludes that the text under consideration has the potential to enhance children's vocabulary as well as their mental and emotional components, because a child's future is dependent on his daily growth and development.</p> 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Joy Isa A Stylo-Linguistic Study of Orality Markers in Selected Novels of Femi Ojo-Ade and Ramonu Sanusi 2023-06-09T18:00:56+00:00 Edirin Otegbale [email protected] Comfort Chioma Olowolagba [email protected] <p>Orality is a feature of oral literature that has found its way into the written form of literature owing to stylistic effects and the need to foreground certain messages and aspects of texts. Ojo-Ade’s <em>Les paradis terrestres (Paradis)</em> and <em>Les rêves d’une fille (Rêves),</em> as well as Sanusi’s <em>Le bistouri des larmes (Bistouri)</em> and <em>Un nègre a violé une blonde à Dallas (Nègre),</em> have been studied thematically and stylistically by critics over the years, with less attention paid to the oral stylo-linguistic nature texts. Hence, this study investigates orality markers in the selected novels with the adoption of close reading for the collection of data and Arnold’s theory of foregrounding, which specialise in answering questions on literary motifs and how they come to gain prominence in texts as framework. Exclamatory remarks in sentential forms as well as repetitions through reiteration and syntactic parallelism, are identified as orality adding musicality and aesthetics to the texts while foregrounding the novelists’ thematic concerns. The research concludes on the premise that orality markers perform stylistic and aesthetic functions before readers interacting with the texts, making the reception of writers’ messages on socio-linguistic, socio-political, socio-economic, and socio-cultural harsh realities less gruesome.&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Edirin Otegbale, Comfort Chioma Olowolagba Justice and the Zulu Heroic Ideals in Mazisi Kunene’s "Emperor Shaka the Great" 2023-09-17T01:22:20+00:00 Charles Patrick [email protected] Mr. Ken Efeh [email protected] <p>The discourse engendered within this scholarly examination was stimulated by Kunene's perspective on the ascendancy of heroism above justice. This paper explores the legendary deeds of Shaka who embodies the archetype of the Zulu epic hero, aiming to define the essence of Zulu heroic ideals. It argues that justice serves as the moral guide, directing the course of Shaka’s heroic endeavours. The study adopts a qualitative research method, since the selected text is narrative data. Theoretical inspiration that illuminates Shaka’s deeds is derived from Joseph Campbell’s theory of the hero’s journey, the <em>mythos</em> of adventure where the hero undertakes a journey to confront a formidable obstacle, wins in that confrontation and returns home with boons. Shaka’s journey from obscurity to legendary status as a warrior and leader reflects many aspects of the hero's journey, making Campbell's theory a relevant and insightful lens through which to examine Shaka’s heroic character. The study reveals that the poem's depth lies in its depiction of Shaka’s commitment to justice through his efforts to establish a more structured and equitable society, his promotion of meritocracy, his military discipline, and his protection of the Zulu people. The study concludes that contrary to the claim of Kunene that heroism is a higher virtue than justice in Zulu society, justice emerges as the quintessential bedrock upon which Zulu heroism is built, as those who act heroically are those who uphold the principles of justice that sustain the harmony and dignity in Zulu society.</p> 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Charles Patrick, Mr. Ken Efeh Analysis of Nominalization Process in Tiv Language 2023-08-07T05:38:34+00:00 Stephen Shiaondo Ajim [email protected] Dr. Elizabeth Ugechi [email protected] <p>Previous studies on nominalization in Tiv language focus on nominal compounds where compound words which belong to the grammatical category of nouns are derived through the process of compounding. This paper analyses the nominalization processes (strategies) in the Tiv language. The paper seeks to determine the nominalization processes in the Tiv language, and the classes of words as well as the linguistic units that are nominalized in Tiv. The study adopted the survey method in investigating the facts about the nominalization process in the language. The study used primary sources of data collection. The primary data were sourced through interview. Structured interview questions were used to elicit the needed data on nominalization from the ten selected adult Tiv native speakers in Makurdi and Gboko in Benue State. A total number of eighty (80) data were gathered and analysed. The theory adopted in the paper is Hockett’s (1954) structural theory modified in (2004) whose models are the Item-and-Process (I.P) and Item-and-Arrangement (I.A). The study found out that the processes through which nominalization occurs in the Tiv language are prefixation, prefixation plus some modifications, tonality and desententialization (sentence deconstruction). These processes are discovered to be very productive in nominalization in Tiv. It has also been found out that verbs roots and adjectives are the classes of words that are nominalized (lexical nominalization) in the Tiv language together with sentences (syntactic nominalization). The paper concludes that nominalization is very essential in word creation and helps in enriching the Tiv language.</p> 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mr Stephen Shiaondo Ajim, Dr. Elizabeth Ugechi Grapho-phonological Stylistic Devices in Select Tiv Novels 2023-07-17T07:16:14+00:00 Dr. Stephanie Mwarsen Terna [email protected] Dr Elizabeth Ugechi [email protected] <p>Literary and non<strong>-</strong>literature texts have stylistically significant features that are analysed using descriptive linguistic levels such as graphology, phonology, morphology, lexicology, syntax and semantics. These levels have their immense contributions to the understanding of the entire texts. This study investigates the effective use of grapho<strong>-</strong>phonological devices in the select Nigerian novels: Shija’s (2005) <em>Whispers of Distant Drums</em>, Gar’s (2009) <em>The Blood of the Ram</em>, Kwaghchimin’s (2010) <em>A Star of Hope</em>, Tijah’s (2012) <em>Slow Men at Work</em> and Norya’s (2014) <em>The Luminous Flame</em>. It also investigates the roles of grapho<strong>-</strong>phonological deviations in the select novels. This study has adopted Leech’s (1969) model of Foregrounding. This theory is realised by the use of parallelisms (repetitions) and deviations in the select novels. This study used the above five select novels as primary sources and textbooks, journal articles and theses as documentary sources. As for data presentation and analysis, the authors read the select novels carefully, selected graphological and phonological devices, grouped them under graphology and phonology and related them to their artistic uses. It was discovered that graphological devices add aesthetic appeals to the select texts by using different font sizes such as eight, ten, eleven, typographical devices and orthographic features. Phonological devices breathe life into the dead mass of letters in the select novels, while grapho-phonological stylistic devices result in multi<strong>-</strong>modal stylistics hence graphic and phonic substances are used.</p> 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dr Elizabeth Ugechi Lexico-Semantic and Pragmatic Stylistic Devices in Selected Tiv Novels 2023-08-07T05:21:04+00:00 Ms Stephanie Mwarsen Terna [email protected] Stephen Shiaondo Ajim [email protected] <p>Previous studies on the select Tiv novels had always ignored focusing on lexico-semantic and pragmatic stylistic devices in these novels. This study investigates the relevance of lexico-semantic and pragmatic devices for meaning realisation in Shija’s <em>Whispers of Distant Drums </em>(2005), Gar’s <em>The Blood of the Ram </em>(2009), Kwaghchimin’s <em>A Star of Hope </em>(2010), Tijah’s <em>Slow Men at Work</em> (2012) and Norya’s <em>The Luminous Flame </em>(2014), works possessing very rich graphological and phonological stylistic devices. This study has adopted Leech’s (1969) model of foregrounding because it properly accounts for the use of parallelisms (repetitions) and deviations in the novels and uses it to explore the significance of lexico-semantic and pragmatic deviations in the texts. As for data presentation and analysis, the authors examined the select novels by reading between the lines, selecting lexes, picking semantic and pragmatic devices as well as grouping these under lexis, semantics and pragmatics and relating them to their stylistic uses. It was been discovered that lexical items used in the texts portray Tiv culture. It was also learnt that both denotative and connotative meanings have been used in the novels. For semantic and pragmatic reasons, characters in the select novels employed lexico-semantics and pragmatic devices such as borrowing words and proverbs from Tiv, Hausa and French, as well as employing code-switching, code-mixing and pidgin. The paper concludes that the lexico-semantic and pragmatic devices deployed have given different shades of meaning to the understanding of the novels.</p> 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Stephanie Mwarsen Terna, Stephen Shiaondo Ajim My Dear Pot 2023-10-03T08:58:36+00:00 Dr. Omotolani Ebenezer Ekpo [email protected] 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Omotolani Ebenezer Ekpo The Depth of Pain 2023-10-03T09:06:35+00:00 Mrs Onyinyechi Maryanne Anyalenkeya [email protected] 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mrs Onyinyechi Maryanne Anyalenkeya Naijation at 63 and Other Poems 2023-10-14T23:23:49+00:00 Oche Ogolekwu [email protected] 2022-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Oche Ogolekwu